As children grow into early childhood, their world will become wider. They will become more independent and can play alone for a while.
They will begin to focus more on people and things outside of the family. They like to play with their peers. They will want to explore the things around them even more and wonder to know how things work.
Their personality and their own ways of thinking and moving will be influenced by family and those around them.
Abilities and Interests Primary School Children (6, 7, 8 YEARS)
Primary school children generally grow about 2.5 inches a year and 4 to 7 pounds a year.
6-year-olds ，gross motor skills are better developed than the fine motor skill. The child may look like uncoordinated and clumsy.
At ages 7 and 8, they gain strength in both big and small muscles, improve body coordination and stamina
Most children reach these milestones in Primary school children：
At this age, thinking and problem-solving skills will be greatly improved. Children speak tend to more adult-like. They start to show an interest in specific activities that appealing them.
Most children are developing skills to:
Language ability develops steadily in the primary years. Children’s Listening, speech, reading, and writing have further development.
By the end of 8-year-olds, most children can do these things:
Social and Emotional Milestones
From ages 6 to 8, children are becoming more and more independent of their parents. They are acceptance by peers becomes more important. Most kids are eager to try out new personalities to see what they are suitable for.
Most children can:
The development of 6-8 years old in the text is only approximate Children develop. Anyone child may be “above average” in one skill and below average’ in another skill.
The toys we recommend that are also relevant to the particular age group.
The child already has his own preferences, when we buy toys & gift for Primary school children, parents should refer to the child’s opinion.
6-8 years old, the child becomes more interested in the goal rather than the means or process. Their interest and abilities have shown increasing variation. They show great interesting in scientific experimentation, collections of things, sports, giving “shows”, mechanical toys etc.
They desire “fairness” but hate to lose and will cheat to win in games.
Toys for this age group also should have no sharp points or edges, and shouldn’t have electrical parts without adult supervision.
SPORTS & RECREATIONAL PLAY
By the age of 6, most children have developed the balance to ride a bicycle without training wheels and the coordination to use hand brakes. When they stand and straddle the bicycle, their feet can exactly reach the ground. It’s the appropriate height of a bike.
Wheeled vehicles like scooters and skateboards are popular in children of this age group.
Ride-on toys for 6-8 years should be:
Active sports are very popular in aged 6 through 8. They can not only understand most rules of a sport but also have the physical skills needed to participate in most sports. Baseball, softball, and football are popular in children. However, smaller sized equipment is generally more appropriate than adult-sized equipment. Because the strength of their muscle isn’t enough to handle full-size equipment.
These children can hit a moving object with a lightweight racquet or modified clubs.
Sports equipment for Six- through eight-years-old:
Children aged 6 through 8 enjoy playing on playground equipment and are accomplished players. They are skilled at climbing, swinging, ring treks, and other complicated apparatus.
By the age of 6, most children have the balance to using in-line skates and trampolines, these activities can be hazardous without adult supervision.
they also have the ability to throw a flying disk, jump rope, skating, swimming. As they gain skill with these activities, they are more interested in.
Recreational play equipment for Six- through eight-year-olds:
Manipulative Play & Games
Children aged 6 through 8 are very interested in block building and construction play.
They have developed the refined level of the fine-motor skills, hand-eye coordination, and arm movement control to do more elaborate and intricate constructions
When the child plays block, they need to plan ahead and execute their ideas through a series of steps, the ability to combine visual and motor skills also be exercised.
Wooden blocks contain both large and small pieces, including a variety of shapes and lengths, are appealing to this age group of children. The block sets with 80 to 100 pieces are appropriate to Children aged 6 through 8.
Primary school children find that build with interlocking pieces is more interesting than construction sets with non-interlocking blocks.
With developing the cognitive abilities，Children aged 6 through 8 can follow directions and understand step sequences. So they can handle model kits. They are interested in theme- and movie-based kits and realistic, detailed models. They have developed well fine-motor skills to build with sets using tiny screws, nuts and bolts, and all metal parts. these children can build their designs with the no limit number and various sizes of parts.
By age 7 and 8 years, they can use moving, motorized, or computer chip-based components to build structures.
Appropriate Construction Toys for children aged 6 through 8 are:
Six-year-olds have developed the cognitive ability to sort pieces and identify pieces based on where they go.
They also developed the ability of more systematic methods to approach the puzzle. so they can handle jigsaw type puzzles.
With the fine-motor skills developed, they can work smaller pieces. They also have enough endurance to do puzzles with up to 100 pieces. The appropriate puzzle pieces to be at least an inch across.
Approach 8 and 9 years of age, the children begin to interest in simple three-dimensional puzzles.
Appropriate puzzles for children aged 6 through 8 are:
Card, Floor, Board, & Table Games
Children 6 through 8 years of age are very interested in all types of games. Card games, board, and floor and table games are very appealing to children.
With cognitive ability developed they can understand game technique and strategy. And as age get older, these skills will become more proficient.
These games require several people to play together and are social games. The children have a great desire to play games and enjoy competing with others. They have the ability to remember a number of moves, anticipate moves and focus on more than one rule at the same time. Reading and language as part of the game, they can use it in traditional cards and dominos.
Nostalgic or traditional games—that is, games that have been around for about 20 years or more are popular in children and parents. They can be played as a parent-child game. Simple fantasy adventure-type games that do not require extensive memory of detail are appealing to children 6 through 8 years.
They also enjoy balancing and body movement activity games that need gross-motor skills.
Card, Floor, Board, & Table Games for children 6 through 8 years should be:
Pretend & Role Play
Dolls & Stuffed Toys
Primary school children’s pretend activities become more attractive than preschoolers. With the ability to use more complex scenes, they can play more drama-oriented and longer play. Dolls and stuffed animals are popular in their diverse, often extended stories.
These children enjoy all sized dolls including life-sized, oversized, miniature (for example, 1:6 scale).
they also enjoy collecting dolls and stuffed animals that are popularized mostly by mass media.
They are also interested in the accessories of dolls and stuffed toys and can manipulate those small parts.
The Dolls & stuffed toys for Six- through eight-year-olds could be:
Dress -UP Materials
Children 6 through 8 years choose fantasy themes and dress-up materials are affected by the surrounding living environment，peers and experiences.
They enjoy the themes that promote chase games, movie reenactments, and comic book characters.
They prefer dress-up materials that are more realistic looking in size, detail, and function.
They have the fine-motor dexterity to make their own accessories and costumes and enjoy doing so.
By 8 years of age, semi-structured group drama performances or staged plays are popular in children.
Appropriate dress-up materials for Six- through eight-year-olds include:
Play Scenes & Puppets
The play scenes with highly realistic, minutely detailed, and highly functional are appealing to children 6 through 8 years. When they make up a dramatic play, they can incorporate familiar themes into their structured.
Elaborate dollhouses with miniature figures and animals are generally useful in the play scenes.
During this period, their interest in playhouses will subside. As they can manipulate a wide variety of accessories of mostly smaller sizes, they still occasionally like the playhouses with larger, more realistically detailed and functional
The children have the ability to manipulate simple string puppets and marionettes, enjoy acting out extended stories in thematic puppet theaters with curtains.
They are interested in puppets that have a high degree of realistic detail, function, complex and jointed.
Some favorite pretend play scenes & puppets for Six- through eight-year-olds include:
Small Vehicle Toys
Six- through eight-year-olds enjoy small vehicles with numerous accessories and that are highly realistic，complex in cause-and-effect functionality.
they are interested in collecting small vehicles that are unique in shape, parts, and color.
These children like racing in tracks using all sized cars and motorcycles.
They enjoy more complex, highly detailed flying machines. They can manipulate flying machines that may have a small key for medium tension wind-ups.
They enjoy electric trains with multiple cars that combining by moderate complexity couplings.
Fasten and detach the electric trains is interesting for those children.
They can easily set up smaller tracks that use a variety of straightforward connections on their own
Appropriate vehicles toys for this age group include:
Creative Play (arts, crafts, music)
Art and Craft Materials
Children 6 through 8 years learn art through experimenting with and exploring.
parents should provide chances for children to experience arts and crafts with various materials.
They are interested in a high level of realism.
At this age, they have the ability to complete crafts more adult-like. By the age of 8, the children can complete an activity following the directions in a kit.
Children become interested in simple woodworking or sewing (with large needles), that crafts were previously thought of as folk art or work-related.
They become interested in photography, simple jewelry making like beadwork, block printing, carving, braiding, weaving, flower pressing etc.
These children are most interested in materials that are open-ended; that is, children can use those materials in various ways, such as clay, modeling dough, pottery, string beads, soap making, candle making, paper doll making, and copper enameling.
Appropriate Art and Craft materials for Children aged 6 through 8 should be:
Children aged 6 through 8 can distinguish rhythm, remember some melodies, read music under instructed. they enjoy taking formal music lessons and playing real instruments.
They prefer adult quality instruments. Musical instruments with appropriately sized for the primary school child to handle are better.
Those children have the ability to play more complicated instruments such as ukulele, flute, violin, horns etc.
Appropriate musical instruments for Children aged 6 through 8 are:
Educational & Academic Play
Six- through eight-year-olds, as they entering primary school, the complexity of learning toys increase. Realistic-looking learning toys are much more appealing, rather than that look like children’s toys.
These children have the ability to paly skill-specific toys and enjoy interacting with real-world objects.
Toys that reinforce reading benefit for the children to literacy.
Children in this age group are interested in their own anatomy and elements in the world, so scientific exploration sets chemistry experiment sets are highly attractive.
Telescopes, microscopes, and compasses are popular in those children.
Some equipment for a particular use may harmful to children, so need adult supervision and take protective measures.
Appropriate learning toys for six- through eight-year-olds should be:
Children aged 6 through 8, the ability of reading will be greatly improved. At age 6, children begin to learn literacy; by age 8 and 9, most are reading fluently and reading for content. The books for the children gradually become more complex as their reading ablity increases.
Early-elementary age children have developed individual reading habits and preferences. they choose different theme stories.
6- and 7-year-olds are interested in books about good magic, heroes, myths, legends, and fairy tales.
Boys tend to prefer information books, particularly those that pertain to science themes.
Eight- and nine-year-olds prefer books about travel, adventure, geography, and ancient times.
They are also attracted by the topics that surround humanity, such as situational humor, biographies, folk tales and legends.
Appropriate books for Children aged 6 through 8 should be: