As children grow into early childhood, their world will become wider. They will become more independent and can play alone for a while.
They will begin to focus more on people and things outside of the family. They like to play with their peers. They will want to explore the things around them even more and wonder to know how things work.
The child will shape their personality and their own ways of thinking and moving, which will be interacted with family and those around them.
ABILITIES AND INTERESTS Preschoolers (3 to 5 YEARS)
By the end of five-year-olds, the child will control movement more easily, coordination also improves. Most children can do these things:
Gross Motor Skills
Fine motor skills:
Preschoolers explore and learn new things about the world. They not only think and learn the things around them, but they also think about and understand things they can’t see or touch;
Most children are developing skills to:
Preschooler’s language has an explosive development. Their vocabulary grows rapidly and can use complicated sentences to express their thought.
By the end of five-year-olds, most children can do these things:
Social and Emotional Milestones
Your child begins to have their own unique personality. They like to get along with peers and work out things that bother them through play. Most children can:
The development of the Preschoolers in the text is only approximate Children develop. Anyone child may be “above average” in one skill and below average’ in another skill.
The toys we recommend that are also relevant to the particular age group.
Sports & Recrwational Play
3-year olds，the child has developed good coordination ability, become skilled in the pedal and can use a steering wheel or handlebar. They can use three-wheeled scooters and a small bicycle with training wheels.
With the balance and coordination develop, by the age of 5, most children can use two-wheeled scooters and bicycles without training wheels. They become interested in skateboards.
Ride-on toys for 3, 4, and 5 Years should be.
Sports and Gym Equipment
At the age of 3, the child begins to interest in sports skills and develop fundamental motor skills like kicking, striking, throwing, catching. they enjoy a variety of throw-and-catch activities.
They enjoy free movement and non-directive activities. Sports equipment for this age includes smaller sized balls and games, soft balls, bats and clubs, bowling games, and goals or nets.
Preschoolers are interesting in throwing or kicking to goals, nets or other targets, but they are egocentric or unaware of the participation of other players. They also manage to hit a moving ball with a bat or racquet.
Starting at the age of 4, children can participate in organized sports activities like tee ball, kick ball, and soccer. However, they have a limited attention span for organized sports, so rules are often modified to reduce any reliance on strategy.
Sports & Gym equipment for 3, 4, and 5 Years includes:
Children at this age enjoy most types of playground equipment including open swings, slides, climbers, and overhead equipment.
They can pump a swing, climb a rope ladder, and climb up an inclined board.
They enjoy playing water and usually learn to swim around age 4 or 5 with adult supervision. Sprinklers and water play are popular with this age group.
Suitable water guns are small and low powered because children of this age may be unaware of the consequences of using water as a projectile.
By the age of 4, Children by the age of 4 generally have the balance to use four-wheeled non-inline skates. Winter sports like skiing, ice skating, and sledding are appealing to children at this age.
Children at this age begin to show an interest in small equipment for recreational purposes. They have sufficient fine- and gross-motor skills to use marbles, flying disks, and soft plastic horseshoes.
Children of this age are interested in projectile toys, but they may do dangerous things with projectiles or other equipment. Appropriate projectile toys for this age are Soft and very lightweight projectiles, that do not fly more than 12 inches.
Recreational Equipment for 3, 4, and 5 Years includes:
Manipulative Play & Games
At 3 years of age, The child begins to enjoy construct complex structures with wooden unit blocks. During this preschool period, one of their dominant play activity is playing block.
By the age of 5, the child can construct more accurate and intricate structures, and bring the dramatic story into the construction play. They can handle a relatively large number of parts (80 to 100).
Therefore, appropriate blocks for 3, 4, and 5 Years are:
Three-year-olds still need the puzzle with an inset from or frame for placing pieces.
Four- to five-year-old often still rely on trial and error to work out the puzzle. With increased cognitive ability, they also manage approaching puzzles by developing more systematic strategies such as analysis, comparison, match.
They can do framed puzzles with 12 to 15 pieces. by the age of 5, most children can work framed puzzles with 18 to 35.
They also begin to work jigsaw type puzzles with large pieces.
Appropriate puzzle for 3, 4, and 5 Years are:
Card, Floor, Board, & Table Games
Three-year-olds can understand simple rules but have little or no understanding of game strategies.
they can play simple games with no more than five or six pieces involved and few rulers, the game based on chance and don’t have a final winner or loser is suitable.
Children 4 through 5 years old can remember a few rules and one or two strategies. They have the ability to play number and letter recognition games. they also enjoy games that require balancing pieces on one another, such as pick-up-sticks.
They are egocentric so the appropriate game for preschoolers games should not require “blocking” an opponent such as dominoes, card matching, and lotto type games.
Appropriate card, floor, board, & table games for 3, 4, and 5 Years are:
Pretend & Role Play
Dolls & Stuffed Toys
In order to incorporate into complex pretend play, preschoolers need highly detailed, familiar, realistic dolls and stuffed toys.
They are interested in dolls and stuffed toys with about a dozen diverse, which is easy-to-manipulate loose parts, and have moving eyes.
Licensed characters and on themes from various experiences at home, school, and through the media are appealing to children.
They also enjoy collecting dolls and stuffed animals.
The Dolls & stuffed toys for 3, 4, and 5 Yearscould be:
Play Scenes & Puppets
With the development of dexterity and fine-motor control, preschoolers can manipulate most working mechanisms and pieces ½ inch in size.
Besides dollhouse and playhouses appeal, they also appeal to moderate to highly realistic details thematic play scenes such as action/adventure sets and military forts.
They can use thumb and finger to manipulate puppets with mouth and arm openings. While they manipulate puppets, they also can tell story and conduct simply puppet theaters.
Some favorite pretend play scenes & puppets for 3, 4, and 5 Years include:
In pretend play, preschoolers have more ability to enact extended stories. They enjoy dress-up materials with more elaborate, detailed which will help them extending more complex dramas and fantasies.
The themes such as superheroes, doctor, police, and firefighting are more popular.
Accessories, Jewelry, and kits are also appealing to children when they have a moderate level of realistic detail in form and function.
They have developed the dexterity and fine-motor skills to work with snaps, buttons, buckles, hooks, and lacing.
Appropriate dress-up materials for this age group include:
Small Vehicle Toys
Small vehicle toys are aids or pivots for enacting diverse when they extended stories with a friend or group in complex pretend play.
4- and 5-year-olds, they enjoy small vehicle toys with rich vibrant colors and a moderate to high level of realistic detail.
small vehicle toys which are design by proportional and have movable parts, functionality are appealing to this age group.
They are interesting to identify the small vehicle toys by make or model.
They enjoy vehicle toys with low to moderately complex cause-and-effect functionality and small or large workable parts, such as earth-moving trucks, boats, motorcycles.
Some children have an interest in collectible vehicles.
Appropriate vehicles toys for 3, 4, and 5 Years include:
Creative Play (Arts, Crafts, Music)
Art and Craft Materials
From 3 to 5-year-olds, the child’s drawings become more realistic-looking and more elaborate.
They begin with scribbles repeatedly, by the age of 5, they can copy squares, circles, crosses, divided rectangles, triangles, and letters and numbers.
3-year olds can add four to five parts to the outline of a person,4-year olds are seven.by the age of 5 can add nine parts to a human form.
With the development of fine-motor control, they are learning to handle scissors and glue until they can do it well at the age of 5.
They enjoy Non-toxic tempera, finger, and watercolor paints and do it well.
Crayons, markers, brushes, and art and construction paper of all sizes are essential for children’s art starts.
Appropriate Art and Craft materials for 3, 4, and 5 Years should be：
Music is an integral part of human life.
3-year-old can shake and tap instruments sing simple repeat songs on their own key.
Four-year-olds can copy simple Rhythmic patterns, by the age of 5, they can reproduce it. They enjoy musical improvisation and like to express musical ideas in many different ways. But their performances are still disharmonious.
They also prefer musical instruments with multi-sensory elements and cause-and-effect relationships
They have the ability to manipulate musical instruments include shakers of all kinds, percussion instruments, novelty musical instruments.
Appropriate musical instruments for 3, 4, and 5 Years are：
Learning & Smart Toys
Learning toys are is beneficial for Preschool children’s cognitive.
They have the ability to use the learning toys effectively and interact with the toy. Learning toys suited for Preschool children can help them to learn various domains of knowledge.
When Preschool children play learning toys, they work through problems and questions to practice their intellectual abilities.
Appropriate learning toys for 3, 4, and 5 Years should be:
Preschool children enjoy hearing stories over and over. They enjoy listening to stories that pertain to events with which they are
familiar with. They are developing a sense of humor, so wildly silly stories, jokes, humorous stories are popular.
They also interest in stories about adventures, the here and now, reality-based storylines, animals with human traits, fantasy stories.
In their literacy activities, they enjoy Dramatic play and acting out their favorite stories with their peers.
Appropriate books for 3, 4, and 5 Years children are: