9-12 years old, the child becomes more and more independence from the family. They are well on their way to forming personal habits. Good habits will determine their future health and well-being.
They are also beginning to establish a sense of identity, of who they are.
They desire to be accepted by peers and much more influenced by media and peer when they make a decision.
At these ages, children may have great physical changes; some are already entering puberty, especially for girls..
Abilities and Interests Primary School Children (9, 10, 11 and 12 Years)
At this age，the children’s gross motor skills and fine motor skills fully developed and continue to be refined. They develop to have more muscle strength and greater coordination, balance, and stamina. Some children may have puberty developing.
Most children reach these milestones in 9, 10, 11 and 12 Years：
Children this age begin to think logically and more about abstract think.
Most children are developing skills to:
Social and Emotional Milestones
At this age, your child is becoming more independent, they become more interested in friends and social activities.
By this time, they can express their needs and feelings verbally. Understand emotions are important in the relationships.
Most children can:
The development of 9-12 years old in the text is only approximate Children develop. Anyone child may be “above average” in one skill and below average’ in another skill.
The toys we recommend that are also relevant to the particular age group.
The child already has his own preferences, when we buy toys & gift for Primary school children, parents should refer to the child’s opinion.
9-12 years old, the great increase in individual differences in abilities and interests. Some children will show great interest and talent in specific areas.
Fine motor abilities begin to approach that of an adult.
they may enjoy dexterity games, complex constructions, or puzzles Interested in more complex table games and use strategies and techniques when competing with peers
They can now stick to the rules and lose gracefully.
SPORTS & RECREATIONAL PLAY
Children 9 through 12 years old are skilled at bicycle and scooter.
When they ride bicycles with hand gears, they can change different speeds as needed. Some children can perform stunt rides if trained.
They are usually fairly aware of traffic laws and likely to ride in traffic.
They enjoy bicycles and skateboards that are from licensed brand names or used by popular extreme sports riders.
Generally, 9- through 12-year-old children can operate a slow motorized and gears shifting, but have difficult to operate faster moving motorized bicycles and scooters.
Ride-on toys for 9-12 years should be:
Nine- through twelve-year-olds have developed the physical skills to take part in sports and games. They enjoy participating in organized sports and understand the rules and strategies of these games.
In order to promote skills, children at this age enjoy training equipment. They also have the ability to handle adult-sized equipment.
Sports equipment for 9- through 12-year-olds:
Children aged nine- through twelve are very skilled at playground equipment and often use it in their own way. They enjoy taking part in organized sports.
They also start to become interested in athletics for their own aim.
At this age, they are very interested in winter sports such as ski, ice skate, and sled. They can use all types of in-line skates, are accomplished skaters.
Small equipment for recreational purposes is popular in children at this age. They are proficient with adult-sized equipment and interested in more adult-like activities.
Collecting, hiking, nature studies, and photographic, those adult activities are very popular in children 9 through 12 years.
They can understand and use air-propelled projectiles like rockets, cork guns, and small plastic disks.
Recreational play equipment for 9- through 12-year-olds:
Manipulative Play & Games
By 9 years of age, they prefer building intricate structures with many parts (100 or more). Their interest in block building is reducing; instead, they are attracted by construction play lies with sets that have interlocking pieces.
With developing cognitive abilities, children can follow directions and understand step sequences. So they can handle model kits. They are interested in theme- and movie-based kits and realistic, detailed models. They have developed well fine-motor skills to build with sets using tiny screws, nuts and bolts, and all metal parts. These children can build their designs with no limit number and various sizes of parts.
Children can build their intended designs using no limit to the number of parts. Generally, they need 100 pieces or more to provide sufficient material. They are interested in sets containing parts that vary widely in size (very small pieces less than 1 inch and large pieces 2 to 3 inches) and shape allow more intricate structures to be built.
They enjoy using moving, motorized, or computer chip-based components to build moving structures.
Around age 9, they can use model sets that include cement to build more authentic structures.
Appropriate Construction Toys for children aged 9 through 12 are:
Nine- through twelve-year-old can complete the more and more complicated puzzle. They also can complete the puzzles with three dimensions follow directions. They have developed fine-motor skills and cognitive to handle small, abstract, or interlocking pieces.
They can complete jigsaw puzzles with 100 to 500 pieces by the age of nine. The challenges of puzzles with 500 to 2000 pieces are appealing to 10- through 12-year-olds
Appropriate puzzles for children aged 9 through 12 are:
Card, Floor, Board, & Table Games
All types of games carry a great deal of appeal to children aged Nine- through twelve, especially those that can be played with peers.
They can understand abstract concepts and content and use it in playing games. They can use strategy in complex games. Their attention span extended, so they can play games that do not end in a single sitting.
Educational topics and games are very popular with this age group.
They are interested in games that combine this age group’s interest in collecting and gaming. They also enjoy fantasy and adventure games.
Card, Floor, Board, & Table Games for children 9 through 12 years should be:
Pretend & Role Play
Dolls & Stuffed Toys
Older school-agers mostly prefer to collect dolls and stuffed toys.
Toys that highly detailed, highly functional, authentic, and unique are popular. Toys include fashion or miniature dolls that are also used as decorative pieces, especially dolls with ornate costumes are appealing to children aged 9 through 12. They prefer lots of accessories dolls with licensed roles
The Dolls & stuffed toys for 9- through 12-year-olds could be:
Dress -UP Materials
For 9- through 12-year-olds, dramatic play employs themes to a lesser and lesser degree with age. However play becomes highly structured and centers on broader historical themes, and scientific advances, domestic themes.
The complex accessories for such activities are appealing of 9- through 12-year-olds.
These children have a greater interest in dramatic activities and playing various professions. The costumes and clothing that represent real-life roles such as hunter, ballerina, athlete, doctor, and soldier are popular with this age group.
The accessories such as realistic wigs, guns, specialized shoes, sports equipment, and relevant decorations are often used to bring these roles more realistic. They have higher and higher authenticity requirements for all costumes, accessories, and kits.
Appropriate dress-up materials for Nine- through twelve-year-olds include:
Play Scenes & Puppets
9 to 12-year-olds, their interest in the play scenes wanes. some children are still interested in dollhouses and other scenes that have authentic and detailed furnishings or accessories.
They have developed a high degree of dexterity and fine-motor control to manipulate more complex hand puppets, string puppets, and marionettes.
They prefer puppets that scrupulous attention to detail and authenticity, closely resembling adult versions of real-life equipment.
They desire to manipulate puppet in the theaters that have authentic staging mechanisms and elaborate scenery.
Some favorite pretend play scenes & puppets for Nine- through twelve-year-olds include:
Small Vehicle Toys
Older school-age children have a great interest in collecting sets of small vehicle toys with elaborate details. They are attracted to unique or licensed vehicles that may be highly functional and complex, often resembling authentic adult-versions. They can handle all sizes of vehicles, the weight of vehicles may up to 1 pound.
They enjoy flying machines that are propelled by high-tension wind-ups or air-pressure. Their interest in complex, elaborately detailed trains and track configurations are mostly maintained and deepened.
Appropriate vehicles toys for this age group include:
Creative Play (arts, crafts, music)
Art and Craft Materials
Children 9 through 12 years of age have developed approaching adults fine-motor skills to engage in activities that require more meticulous work and attention. They are also more able to engage in detail-oriented art techniques and can be trained in art technical if they wish. They are interested in arts and crafts such as calligraphy, sketching, crocheting, embroidery, knitting, needlepoint, puppetry, doll making, metalworking, mosaics, and ceramics. Those activities can’t avoid the use of sharp instruments and tools, children at this age group are more able to prevent injury to themselves as compared to younger children. They have the ability to use effectively machines and tools such as sewing machines, wood burners, screwdrivers, and pliers.
Appropriate Art and Craft materials for Children aged 9 through 12 should be:
By the age of 9, children can discriminate different rhythmic, read music well and become good at remembering melodies.
They are ready for technical training in music and prefer to play real instruments. They can sing in groups and keep harmony.
9- through 12-year-olds are interested in musical instruments that include: shakers of all kinds, maracas, castanets, tambourines, bells, drums and bongos, blocks (by scraping and tapping), triangles, rhythm sticks, cymbals, xylophones, keyboards, and pianos.
They are also have the ability to play more complicated instruments such as the autoharp, ukulele, flute, violin, horns, and the harmonica. Children of this age enjoy using wind-up music boxes, records, and CDs listen to music.
Appropriate musical instruments for Children aged 6 through 8 are:
Educational & Academic Play
By age 9 through 12, their skills increase frequently approaching adult levels, most children can read fluently, add, subtract, multiply, and divide.
They are interested in people’s biographies, ancient times, and other cultures.
Nine-year-olds are realistic, responsible, they are capable of independent critical thinking.
Ten-year-olds are interested in learning new things and memorizing facts. Due to subjects being explored more in-depth at school, their preferences for the subject matter and reading the material are established.
By 11, they show definite preferences for some school subjects over others. This trend continues through age 12.
They have the ability to generalize and theorize the things, conduct scientific experiments; their thinking is more adult-like.
They prefer Realistic items, standard typewriters, and calculators
Appropriate learning toys for six- through eight-year-olds should be:
9 to 12-year-olds, most children prefer to read something that they interest. Their individual preferences are different，topics of adventure, fantasy, biography, mysteries, sports, animal stories, scientific discovery, information and how-to-books, media-based are popular among this age group.
they have the ability to read resemble adult books that made up of chapters and more than 50 pages. Books for earlier ages are deemed childish, boring, or stupid.
Appropriate books for Children aged 9 through 12 should be: